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Guide to Kona Coffee Farms in Kona, HI

Learn about Kona Coffee Farms in Kona Hawaii


Get information on the Kona Coffee Farms locations in and around the Kona Coffee area


Kona is on the Big Island of Hawaii, the youngest of the island chain. On the western slopes of the Hualalai and Mauna Loa volcanoes, the small region that is home to the world's best coffee can be found.

The French have a word for the combination of climate, temperature and soil coming together to bestow unique qualities on a crop: terrior. With a combination of sunny mornings, rainy afternoons and nights that do not know frost as well as fertile volcanic soil, the terrior of Kona creates some of the most prized beans to be found anywhere.

Samuel Reverend Ruggles is credited with bringing coffee to Kona in 1828 with cuttings from Brazil, though it wouldn't take root as a cash crop until later in that century. Coffee was originally grown on large plantations, but the 1899 crash in world coffee prices forced the plantation owners to lease their land to their plantation workers. Most of these workers were from Japan, and today Filipino-American and mainland Americans joined the original Japanese-American farmers to grow coffee.

Coffee farms in Kona are small, the majority of them family owned and operated ranging in size from three to five acres. The total acreage of the approximately 600 farms took up about 2,290 acres in 1997, producing about 2 million pounds of coffee beans.

Harvesting coffee beans is done by hand in the months of August to January to ensure beans are picked at their peak maturity throughout the seasons. Processing the red coffee cherries by pulping and fermenting the beans for storage and sale is a meticulous process. It involves fresh water, with drying and raking the beans to ensure it dries uniformly.

The result is one of the most prized crops in the world — 100 Percent Pure Kona Coffee.